Therapeutic Modalities

An extensive range of treatment modalities offered by your own team of specialist staff

A holistic “whole person” approach to healing


All methods used at The Bay are selected to form part of a holistic “whole person” approach to healing. We utilise an extensive range of treatment modalities offered by your own team of specialist staff, who collaborate throughout your program to create a well-rounded medical, psychological, naturopathic, and somatic treatment.

Holistic treatments encompass and address all parts of the individual: the mind, the body, and the soul. Following a comprehensive assessment of your specific needs and preferences, we will develop an individually tailored treatment plan that includes varying therapeutic specialities and a choice of wellbeing modalities.

Many of the therapies and modalities employed in our programs are listed below:




Psychological therapies generally fall into three categories. They include:

  1. Behavioural therapies, which focus on cognition, behaviours, and mindfulness.
  2. Psychotherapeutic and psychodynamic therapies, which focus on the unconscious relationship patterns that evolved from childhood.
  3. Humanistic therapies, which focus on self-development in the here and now.

The more specific therapies that fall into these categories are highlighted below. In general, many different types of therapeutic approaches will be utilised together and implemented into a holistic retreat plan that is personalised specifically for you.


Behavioural Therapies:


DBT or Dialectical Behavioural Therapy takes the most useful aspects of CBT and combines them with applied mindfulness techniques to create a psychosocial treatment that influences how a person interacts with others in varying relationships and environments. DBT is a comprehensive, evidence-based treatment which encourages an acceptance of your problems while at the same time taking steps to address the problems.

CBT or Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is based on the way you think and/or the way you behave. CBT recognises that it is possible to change, or recondition thoughts or behaviour in order for an individual to overcome specific problems. It is a counselling technique that is used by many clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, and counsellors to help individuals work through drug addiction, trauma, and other issues. CBT has shown to be very effective for a whole range of disorders but is particularly effective for the treatment of depression, anxiety, and substance abuse.

ACT or Acceptance and Commitment Therapy is a type of CBT that uses acceptance and mindfulness combined with a commitment to behaviour changing strategies, in order to increase an individual’s psychological flexibility.

Relapse Prevention Therapy (RPT) is a cognitive-behavioural approach to the treatment of addictive behaviours that specifically addresses the nature of the relapse process, and suggests coping strategies that have been proven useful in helping an individual maintain change.


Psychotherapeutic Therapies:


Self Psychology explains psychopathology as being the result of disrupted or unmet developmental needs. At its core, Self Psychology is psychoanalytical, but there are crucial differences between this particular treatment and the overarching category. In psychoanalytic theory, the psychoanalyst keeps an emotional distance from the client in order to objectively analyse the information he or she receives. In self psychology, the therapist uses empathy to help build trust with the client.

Depth Psychology explores the relationship between the conscious and the unconscious. This treatment values the importance of symbol and metaphor in personal and cultural imagery. Depth psychology originates in the work of Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud, who called attention to the importance of what lies “below the surface” of conscious awareness.


Humanistic Therapies:


Gestalt Therapy is a type of experiential therapy that emphasises personal responsibility and focuses upon the individual’s experience in the present moment. The goal is for the individual to become aware of what he or she is doing, how he or she is doing it, and how positive changes can be made. At the same time, the individual must learn to accept and value him or herself. By learning to follow an ongoing process, and to fully experience, accept, and appreciate the complete self, one is free to make more appropriate, spontaneous, and creative contact with the environment and lead a healthier, happier life.

Person-Centred Therapy focuses on an individual’s self worth and core beliefs. Feeling that he or she is valued as a person, without being judged, can help the individual accept who he or she is and reconnect with those truths that define him or her.

Somatic Experiencing is a body-awareness approach to trauma developed by Dr. Peter Levine. It allows people to have a felt experience of their sensations in the present moment to allow the emotional, physical, and physiological effects of PTSD and other stresses and traumas to resolve. This approach is based on the understanding that trauma affects the nervous system and impedes its ability to self-regulate. By allowing a tolerable felt sense in the body the held energy of the traumatic event can be released. This therapeutic treatment restores self-regulation and returns a sense of aliveness, relaxation, and wholeness to individuals coping with trauma.


Other Therapies:


Couples Therapy, also called marriage counselling and relationship counselling, is an effective means of support and healing for both people in the relationship, as well as the health of the relationship itself. Couples therapy involves learning how to communicate more effectively and how to listen more closely. With this treatment, couples identify common life goals and the ways in which they may share responsibility for growth within their relationship.

Family Therapy, sometimes called Family Focus or Family Systems Therapy, works to change the relationships within families in order to help different members learn better coping skills for a wide range of problems. This therapy usually functions in group sessions but often includes meetings with the therapist on an individual basis or, when appropriate, individual sessions within a series of family meetings. Family therapy may also include the social networks around families (friends, neighbours, etc.).

Art Therapy is a powerful expressive therapy that uses the creative process to investigate, support and heal on an emotional, mental and physical level. No artistic skill is required. Rather, the creative process operates at both a conscious and unconscious level to help resolve underlying issues and develop strengths to manage difficult feelings and behaviours, free up creative energy that can be applied to healthy problem solving, reduce stress, improve self-esteem, and foster self-awareness.

Communication Skills Training is the process of learning how to get a message across to others respectfully, clearly and unambiguously. Communication is only successful when both the sender and the receiver understand the same information as a result of the exchange. This method teaches you how to avoid communication breakdown and clear the roadblocks that stand in the way of both your personal and professional goals.

Addiction Counselling supports people with addictions in the effort of recovery and taking back control of life. Addictions often mask an underlying emotional issue that, if left unresolved, causes pain or suffering. Addiction counselling helps you to enjoy a life that is no longer constrained and controlled by addiction by laying the groundwork for a successful recovery.

Anxiety Counselling aims to change the patterns of behaviours, thoughts and beliefs which trigger anxiety. Anxiety management techniques are implemented which include challenging of unhelpful thoughts, learning new coping strategies, breathing exercises, and relaxation training. Education about anxiety is also an important treatment step. De-sensitisation, a slow and gradual process of exposing a person to the trigger that causes his or her anxiety to the point where the fear associated no longer poses a threat, can be helpful in some cases.

Depression Counselling facilitates the skills and insight for coping with depression from a variety of angles, which helps prevent feelings of sadness and worthlessness from resurfacing. There are many therapeutic methods available for this type of counselling; three of the more common methods used in the treatment of depression include cognitive behavioural therapy, interpersonal therapy, and psychodynamic therapy. Often, a blended approach utilising all three types is implemented in the treatment plan.

EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) is one of the most researched psychotherapeutic approaches for PTSD. A disturbing event can become frozen in time and be re-experienced as if for the first time. EMDR uses an approach that may include recalling the distressing image while undertaking side to side eye movements that affect how the brain processes the information. This change in processing means that the person may no longer need to relive the trauma of the event.

Ericksonian Hypnosis or hypnotherapy is a gentle, respectful, and ethical approach to communicating with your unconscious mind. The hypnotic process enables you to drop beneath the busy surface mind and work consciously with your latent thought processes. You maintain full awareness as you discover and utilise your resources, from a place of inner stillness and clarity.

Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) explores the relationship between the mind, language, emotions, and patterns of behaviour. It examines how you motivate yourself, make connections, and give meaning to your experiences. NLP presents the specific skills and patterns necessary to make positive changes, create new choices, and be more effective in your relationships with others.


Complimentary Alternative Healing Modalities



Naturopathy is based on six basic principles:

  1. The body has its own ability to heal itself;
  2. Treat the cause, not the effect and allow the normal responses of the body to heal itself;
  3. Do no harm to the body – treat it gently;
  4. Treat the whole person;
  5. Empower the patient to take charge of their own health through knowledge;
  6. Prevention is the best cure.

Naturopathy can be helpful in almost every medical situation and uses different treatment methods such as nutrition, supplementation, herbs, and lifestyle modification.

Bodywork & Massage

Massage can be a deeply relaxing experience for the body. As such it can help to integrate other psychological or physical work that has been undertaken. Massage can also correct posture, improve flexibility, and help eliminate the toxins that have built up due to substance use, by stimulating lymphatic flow*.


The word “yoga” means union; the central theme of yoga is unity. Mind and body are interconnected – if the mind is restless, the body will have poor health, and if the body is unwell, the mind will lose clarity and become clouded. By integrating mind and body, both are strengthened, improving the health of the whole person.

Yoga has been used successfully to help people with addiction, mental health issues, hypertension, asthma, back pain, arthritis, migraine, insomnia as well as many other conditions*.

Chi Kung & Tai Chi

Chi kung, (Qigong or Medical Chi Kung) is a system of standing exercises and breath work designed to improve the flow of chi, or life force, in your body. These slow gentle exercises promote a grounded and energised state, lower stress, improve circulation and enhance the body’s resistance to disease. Chi kung has been linked with change in the concentration of various neurotransmitters associated with depression, cravings, and pain; and has been used effectively to treat or improve the symptoms of depression, anxiety, pain, arthritis, and digestive upset*.

Tai Chi (Taiji) is an ancient, soft-style system referred to as “Meditation in Motion”, particularly effective in relieving neck, shoulder and back pain and alleviating joint problems. Tai Chi practice develops internal focus and mindful awareness combined with deep relaxation, helping you to become grounded and centered, developing inner calm and stillness. Tai Chi and Chi Kung are particularly useful in the healing of trauma, chronic pain and addictions.


Acupuncture, like chi kung, is based on the belief that good health is governed by balancing the flow of chi or vital life energy through the body. This chi circulates throughout the body along major meridians, or energy pathways. Each meridian is linked to specific internal organs and their associated systems. The meridian system has over 1000 acupoints and each of these can be stimulated to improve the flow of chi in the body. Acupuncture is a complete healing tradition, particularly well known for alleviating pain and increasing immune response, it has a multitude of beneficial applications*.



Your Personal Luxury Rehab Retreat at The Bay


During your one-to-one, tailored, luxury retreat at The Bay, you will receive optimal support and guidance so that your healing journey will be nurturing, effective and enjoyable. Rehabilitation and therapeutic healing does not need to be uncomfortable or unpleasant; we believe the best way to help you heal can be found in an environment of nurturance, with holistic, in-depth treatment that addresses all of who you are – body, mind and soul.

If you would like to know more about our holistic rehabilitation modalities, please contact us by email or call +61 2 6684 4240 (Australia)Â or +1 310 220 0352 (USA).



* Source: Complementary Therapies Primer, Prepared for the American Medical Student Association’s 1995 Preconvention Conference: “Back to Tradition and Forward to the Future” by Ann Schwentker, Editor and Laura Vovan, Contributing Writer.

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  • Brewer, J.A., Bowen, S. & Smith, J.T., et al. (2010). “Mindfulness-based treatments for co-occurring depression and substance use disorders: what can we learn from the brain?” Addiction, 105(10):1698-706. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02890.x. Accessed 10/6/16
  • Dakwar, E. & Levin, F.R. (2013). “Individual mindfulness-based psychotherapy for cannabis or cocaine dependence: a pilot feasibility trial.” The American Journal on Addictions, 22(6):521-26. doi: 10.1111/j.1521-0391.2013.12036.x Accessed 10/6/16Â
  • Dakwar, E. & Levin, F.R. (2009). “The emerging role of meditation in addressing psychiatric illness, with a focus on substance use disorders.” Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 17(4):254-67. doi: 10.1080/10673220903149135. Accessed 10/06/2016.
  • Hofmann, S.G., Grossman, P. & Hinton, D.E. (2011). “Loving-kindness and compassion meditation: potential for psychological interventions.” Clinical Psychology Review, 31(7):1126-32. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2011.07.003. Accessed 10/6/16
  • Jagadisha, T., Zhou. L, & Kumar, K., et al. (2016). “Traditional, complementary, and alternative medicine approaches to mental health care and psychological wellbeing in India and China.” The Lancet Psychiatry. Accessed 25/05/2016.
  • Pace, T.W., Negi, L.T. & Adame, D.D., et al. (2009). “Effect of compassion on neuroendocrine, innate immune and behavioural responses to psychosocial stress.” Psychoneuroendocrinology, 34(1):87-98. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2008.08.011. Accessed 10/6/16.
  • Shorey, R.C., Gawrysiak, M.J., Anderson, S. & Stuart, G.L. (2015). “Dispositional mindfulness, spirituality, and substance use in predicting depressive symptoms in a treatment seeking sample.” Journal of Clinical Psychology, 71(4):334-45. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22139 Accessed 10/06/2016.


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